Physicians refer to diabetes as diabetes mellitus, which encompasses an entire group of metabolic diseases. A person suffering from this disease has high blood sugar or glucose. This could be because the insulin that is produced by the body is inadequate. In some cases the person’s body does not respond to the insulin in the manner that it should, or it could be a combination of both these factors.
Patients who have sugar diabetes will generally experience frequent urination and also feel extremely thirsty or hungry. Trinity Medical Group has expert physicians who will advise you on how to keep diabetes under control and about diabetic care. The two main types of diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. The treatment will depend on how severe the diabetes is and will vary from patient to patient.
Type 1 & 2 diabetes can be treated effectively with weight reduction and a program that controls the diet of the patient. Exercise is critical as well. Type 1 Diabetes also requires insulin therapy. If these measures are not sufficient in controlling the blood sugar levels, injectible therapies or oral medication will be prescribed. The main objective of diabetic care is to bring the blood glucose under control. This is very important as high sugar levels lead to numerous health complications. The sugar levels have to be brought down to the normal range and low blood sugar has to be avoided. It is also important that the patient not be undertreated or over-treated.
There are two types of home blood sugar monitoring. The first type uses the reagent strip while the second used a glucose meter and a reagent strip. The glucose meter is more reliable and most people prefer using this method. Glucose can also be tested in the urine but this method does not play a role in home testing.
Ketoacidosis is a severe but preventable complication of diabetes. This arises from inadequate testing. It can be identified when testing for urinary ketones. People who suffer from diabetes should go through some basic diabetic education and care information with their physician. The physician will also discuss blood glucose meters with patients as well as their caregivers. The optimal meter takes into accounts factors such as visual impairment, impact usability, tremors or any other such factors. Over the last few years, there has been a dramatic change in glucose monitors. They give patients a good idea about their glucose patterns so that more customized individual treatment regimens can be provided.
Those who suffer from diabetes should visit the healthcare professional once in three months to monitor the hemoglobin A1C levels and also to discuss the actual treatment plan.